Bài tập thực hành tiếng Anh ôn tuyển sinh cao học

3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it A key word in the modern American vocabulary is “stress”. Stress is the feeling of anxiety and exhaustion that comes from the pressures of modern living. Stress is such a common problem today that many people are turning to one of its most common cures: physical exercise. People of all ages and types are exercising: jogging, weight lifting, swimming, and even just plain walking! Is this just a fad, or will it last? 21. How do people feel when they are stressed? 22. What is the cause of stress? 23. How can people avoid stress? 24. What words in the passage mean something that removes a problem? 25. What words in the passage mean fashion that is not likely to last?

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BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH TIẾNG ANH ÔN TUYỂN SINH CAO HỌC BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH PART 1: READING COMPREHENSION TEST 1 1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the following sentences anywhere as soon as because did do  find frightened how how many how much  like look up models nowhere produce  scientists shake since so which   1. are emergency calls? Call us free on 150. 2. city do you think is Europe’s “fashion capital” today – Milan, Paris or another? 3. in many fields are studying way to increase food production. 4. we finish eating she takes the plates and glasses to wash them up. 5. you mind if I smoke? Well, I’d rather you didn’t. 6. Excuse me. Can you tell me to get to the Art Gallery, please? 7. Factories and vehicles waste which goes into the air and rivers. 8. Fashion has become a big business and the top have made large fortunes. 9. I can’t find him now. 10. I don’t remember much about him. I don’t know what he looks . 11. People hands when they meet for the first time and when they meet after a long time. 12. She needed to relax she went on holiday. 13. We don’t understand this word! Let’s the word in the dictionary. 14. When I saw a thief in the living room I was really . 15. You missed the beginning of the film you were late. 2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it The ancient Greeks were lucky, it seems. The diet of olive oil, garlic, fish, vegetables and bread was very healthy. They ate very little meat, fat, or sugar. The experts today tell us to eat less meat and more vegetables, fruit, fish, pasta, bread, and potatoes. Chicken is healthier than beef because it has less fat. Garlic, the basis of French aioli, Spanish gambas al ajillo, Italian bruchetta and Greek tzatziki, also has a good effect on the heart, as well as other benefits, which is perhaps why the ancient Greeks ate so much of it. So, if you love your heart, add a little more garlic to your diet! 16. What did the diet of the ancient Greeks mainly include? 17. Does beef have more fat than chicken? 18. Which countries do these foods: Aioli and tzatziki come from? 19. What do they all have in common? 20. According to the passage, what should we eat more often in order to reduce the risk of heart attack? 3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it A key word in the modern American vocabulary is “stress”. Stress is the feeling of anxiety and exhaustion that comes from the pressures of modern living. Stress is such a common problem today that many people are turning to one of its most common cures: physical exercise. People of all ages and types are exercising: jogging, weight lifting, swimming, and even just plain walking! Is this just a fad, or will it last? 21. How do people feel when they are stressed? 22. What is the cause of stress? 23. How can people avoid stress? 24. What words in the passage mean something that removes a problem? 25. What words in the passage mean fashion that is not likely to last? 4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it As in other countries, there are a number of different regional accents in the United Kingdom. Apart from Scottish, Welsh and Irish accents, the north, east, west and southwest of England, as well as the Midlands and London, all have their distinctive accents. At the same time there is an accent which belongs to no particular region. This accent is called the Standard English accent, and is the accent usually taught to foreigners. Northerners call it the “southern accent” – with some scorn. 26. According to the passage, what do other countries and the United Kingdom have in commmon? 27. Name some popular accents that belong to different regions in the United Kingdom? 28. Which region in the United Kingdom does the Scottish accent belong to? 29. What does “it” in “Northerners call it the “southern accent” refer to? 30. Which phrases used in the passage has the same meaning as “many”? 5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it There are 7,000 periodicals published in the United Kingdom. Of these, women’s magazines have the largest circulations: Woman (1,300,000) and Woman’s Own (1,200,000). There are magazines and periodicals for almost every trade, profession, sport, hobby or interest. The most important periodicals for the more serious readers are: The Economist, which comments on events of international, political or economic interest; The Spectator, a journal with conservative views, which publishes articles on many different subjects, including politics; New Society, which has articles on social matters; New Scientist, which reports on scientific matters in language that non-specialists can understand; Punch, a long-established humorous magazine which also has serious articles. 31. What are Woman and Woman’s Own? 32. What word in the passage means the average number of magazines/periodicals sold each day, month, or year? 33. If you are interested in science, which periodical(s) will you read? 34. Can you find a serious article in Punch? 35. Fill in the blank with one suitable word from the passage. New scientist is suitable for both kinds of readers – specialist and 6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word Manual Rodrigues, 24, a steward on the new Eurostar trains, one (36) the first people to travel through the Channel Tunnel. Now the three-hour journey from London (37) Paris is all a day’s work for him. He says, “I have to know both cities really well. I have found some lovely restaurants!” Eurostar stewards have to be (38) 20 and 35 and physically fit. The company trains all new stewards, so they don’t have to have experience in this kind of (39) , but they have to have (40) lovely personality. You don’t have to have any qualifications, but you have to (41) fluent English and French to communicate with the passengers. Manuel has to wear uniform. The company pays for his meals (42) he stays abroad, so he doesn’t hve to worry about restaurant bills. “We (43) in Paris at about 11.00 a.m. Sometimes we have to come back on the next train, (44) when we don’t have to return until the next day, (45) can go shopping or sightseeing. TEST 2 PART 1: READING COMPREHENSION 1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the following sentences appearing  fined  Japan  peculiar  the way   at least  for  Japan’s  right  used   come from  how  like  senses  way   did she  I did ask  major impact  sounds  what   domesticated  isn’t  not  sustained  with   1. All birds have wings, but wings are not to birds. 2. Are you better off than you to be? 3. Birds have two basic types of : songs and calls. 4. Computer technology has had a on how people carry out their jobs. 5. Even after six years of economic growth, Americans worry about that question. 6. I believe that women should have the to serve in the military. 7. I have no idea what the weather is in that city. 8. Motorists can be for driving recklessly. 9. No one know when the dog was first 10. Only once ask for help. 11. People attend college or universities many different reasons. 12. Religion is very important in Saudi Arabia, but it in Japan. 13. Saudi Arabian society is very different from 14. Sociologists study society and it is organized. 15. The sea has been rising relative to the land for 100 years. 2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it The Nation’s security Bank in downtown San Antonio was robbed last night. A safe was blown open and around US$ 800,000 was stolen. The robbery took place between midnight and 1:00 a.m. The police are looking for two men who were seen getting into a black car near the bank at about 1 o’clock last night. They also want to hear from Mr. Joe Newman, 52, who worked as a security guard at the bank. Mr. Newman disappeared just before the robbery and he has not been seen since then. 16. How much money was stolen? 17. When did the robbery occur? 18. Why are the two men being looked for by the police? 19. What was Newman’s job? 20. When did he disappear? 3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it The Third world cities are overcrowded. But city workers earn two to ten times as much as people in the country. So, thousands of more people arrive every year. The governments must provide electricity, water, schools, health services, and land for house. But poor countries do not have the money to do it. As cities grow larger the problems increase. However, some social scientists believe the problems are not hopeless. People move to cities because they want to change and improve their lives. When they can find jobs they work hard. They build nice houses when they have money and send their childen to school. These hardworking people help build a better society for the whole country. 21. Do people in the city earn better than in the country? 22. Why do people move to cities? 23. Who has to provide health service for these people? 24. What do they do when they have money? 25. Are these hardworking people helpful to the country? 4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it One of the greatest achievements of modern high technology is the invention of the steam engine. Machinery is closely linked with our lives .It can do extremely complicated tasks for man. It can work quickly and accurately; and so it can save time for us and free man from hard work. Owing to this, production on large scales can be achieved. However, machinery needs to be controlled by people – intelligent and modern – in the era of machinery 26. What is considered a great invention? 27. What does the word it refer to? 28. How can machinery save time for us? 29. What does the author say about people? 30. What types of work are mentioned? 5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it Scientists in many fields are studying ways to increase food production. Even with new technology and use of all fertile land, food production from both land and sea can only be doubled. There are several reasons. There is a limited amount of fertile land. The population is increasing, and the distribution of food supply is poor. Besides the limited amount of fertile land, there will be a great increase in the need for food and agricultural products. In 1980, the population of the world was about four billion. In 2000 the figure was over six billion and in the next twenty years, the world’s population will be about eight billion. 31. What are scientists in many fields studying? 32. How many reasons of limited food production are mentioned? 33. If we make maximum use of both land and sea can we triple food production? 34. What is discussed in the second paragraph? 35. Was the passage written before 2000? 6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word In some countries as many as nice (36) of ten adults read at least one newspaper a day. Why do so many people (37) newspapers? There are five basic functions of a newspaper: to inform, to comment, to persuade, to instruct (38) to entertain. Of the two major categories of newspapers, the popular newspaper and the quality newspaper, the (39) has millions of readers while the latter, only hundreds of thousands. Yet the popular papers seem largely designed (40) entertainment. Their new coverage contains a lot of comment. The quality newspapers put a much higher value on factual information (41) on entertainment. It is not only in content that the two types of papers differ, (42) also in the style in which the articles are written. The popular papers generally use more dramatic language with bigger headlines and more photographs. Their journalists tend to use shorter sentences and avoid less well-known vocabulary. Since the popular newspapers (43) a large readership than the more neutral quality newspapers, it may be fair to conclude (44) the average readers not only want to be entertained (45) a newspaper, but also prefer their reading to be guided and opinions given to them. TEST 3 1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the following sentences able  gains  including  on  supposing   afford  guilty  involving  pity  surprising   apologize  held up  like  pointing  take after   awarded  herself  look  see  them   called  in  mind  seeing  to   1. you were in that situation, what would you do? 2. After the campaign a special medal was to all. 3. Amy’s parents didn’t leave her any money. So she has to support now. 4. Do you object my sitting here? 5. I must take this watch to be repaired, it twenty minutes a day. 6. I think your suggestion is probably the best one the long run. 7. If you walk along this lane you will see the signpost to the beach. 8. Our flight was by bad weather. 9. She didn’t doing the ironing, as she hadn’t wanted to go out anyway. 10. The car was so expensive that I couldn’t it. 11. The child was told to for being rude to his father. 12. The judge found him of stealing and sent him to prison. 13. The main road through Salisbury was blocked for two hours today after an accident several vehicles. 14. What a you didn’t win the game. 15. When will you see John? – I’m looking forwards to him next summer. 2. Read the passage and answer the questions below it Uri Geller was born in 1946. When he was only three, he was aware that he had an amazing ability. In 1969 he gave his first public performance in a school. He gently rubbed a spoon with his fingers and it began to bend. Three years later he drove a car blindfolded through the crowded streets of Munich. Later Uri Geller appeared on television in Britain in front of a small studio audience of scientists. He bent spoons and broke metal objects simply by touching them gently with his fingers. He also drew pictures of hidden objects. After the program, however, there were hundreds of telephones calls. People reported that spoons in their homes bent during the program. Metal objects broke, and watches which had stopped many years before suddenly started to go again. 16. In what year did Geller discover his special ability? 17. Where did he give his first performance? 18. What did he do in Britain’s TV? 19. Did he drive a car without looking? 20. What happened to watches which had stopped many years before? 3. Read the passage and answer the questions below it Buddhism comes from the word Buddha. Buddha is a person. He lived more than 2500 years ago in India. His father was King. He lived in a beautiful palace with many servants. One day as he went out of his house, he saw many unhappy people. He looked at them and asked himself these questions: “Why are people so unhappy? How can people be happy?” When he was 29 years old, he left his family, his beautiful wife and son and went out into the world to find the answers. He tried many ways. He studied with teachers but they could not answer his questions. He went to live in the forest. He hurt his body. He did not eat anything for many days. He tried to get away from his body. But this did not give him the answers to his questions. Then he set down under a tree and thought. He sat for 49 days. After this time, he learned something from himself. He became the Buddha. His questions were answered. People were unhappy because they want things. They are looking for food, money and other things. When a man does not want things, then he will be happy. When a man does not want things, he will be free. He does not think about himself. He does not think about tomorrow. He is kind to others. 21. Was Buddha a prince? 22. When did he leave home? 23. How long did he sit beneath the tree? 24. According to Buddha, why were people unhappy? 25. When will people be free? 4. Read the passage and answer the questions below it Man is only just beginning to realize how much he must look to the sea. It can be important source of food for millions of people in the world. When we know how much and in what way the oceans influence the weather, we can plan the growing of crops and even work out the best time to take our holidays. But when we get to the bottom of the sea we find things that no one dreamed existed recently. Lands which were covered with water when the ice melted at the end of the Ice Age are rich in minerals. Off the South African coasts, for example, in a place where there are five times the number of diamonds as in the mines on the land. Oil is brought from the bottom of the Caspian Sea. Sand with gold in it has been found off Thailand and Indonesia. But if man wants to continue gathering riches from the sea, he is going to have to look after it. 26. How can the sea become important to people in the world? 27. What are the result of knowing how much and in what way the ocean influence the weather? 28. What do we find when you get to the bottom of the sea? 29. What has been found off the South African coasts? 30. What is man going to do if he wants to continue gathering riches from the sea? 5. Read the passage and answer the questions below it For many years people believe that the cleverest animals after man were chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes. Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is, in many ways, like human being. Dolphins have simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphin cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphin can understand. Dolphins are also very friendly towards man. They often follow ships. There are many stories of dolphin guiding ships through difficult and dangerous waters. 31. Which animal do people think may be the cleverest? 32. What other beings are dolphins like in many ways? 33. What have scientists discovered about dolphins? 34. Why is a third language necessary if man wants to talk to dolphins? 35. Are dolphins friends to man? 6. Read the passage and fill each numbered space with ONE suitable word People are not so honest (36) they once were. The temptation to steal is greater (37) ever before especially in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman (38) always went into a large store on Monday mornings. One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop (39) usual when the woman came in, so it (40) easier for the detective to watch her. The woman first bought a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dresses in the shop and handed it (41) an assistant (42) wrapped it up for her as quickly as (43) . Then the woman simply took the parcel and walked out of the shop (44) paying. When she was arrested, the detective found out that the shop assistant was her daughter. The girl “gave” her mother a (45) dress once a week! TEST 4 1. Choose ONE of the words or phrases given in the box to fill in the blank of each of the following sentences blow  destructive  knock  rude  thought   business  encouraged  low  sorrows  tiny   cheap  high  mistakes  strong  unproductive   dangerous  imagination  pressures  supposed  value   decisions  intelligent  produ
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