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1. Though the doctor warned him, he kept on smoking. 2.  In spite of 3. She preferred to stay at home rather than go to the play. 4.  She preferred staying 5. He doesn’t smoke, and his brother doesn’t smoke, either. 6.  Neither 7. She came to London to study English. 8.  She came .so that. . 9. Because she behaves badly everyone hates her. 10.  Because of 11. “ Shall we post it, Sir?”, he said. 12.  He asked . 13. “ When it stops snowing we must start digging ourselves out”, I said. 14.  I said that 15. He found that it was impossible to study at home. 16.  He found . 17. It was more expensive than I thought. 18.  I . 19. I bought a book for James. 20.  I bought .

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Sentence transformation 1.c Though the doctor warned him, he kept on smoking. ( In spite of ……… She preferred to stay at home rather than go to the play. ( She preferred staying … He doesn’t smoke, and his brother doesn’t smoke, either. ( Neither ……………… She came to London to study English. ( She came ……………..so that. ……….. Because she behaves badly everyone hates her. ( Because of …………………… “ Shall we post it, Sir?”, he said. ( He asked ……………………………………. “ When it stops snowing we must start digging ourselves out”, I said. ( I said that… He found that it was impossible to study at home. ( He found ……………………. It was more expensive than I thought. ( I …………………………………………. I bought a book for James. ( I bought …………………………………………….. Sentence transformation 2.c The last time it rained was a fortnight ago. ( It ………………………………….. Your decision to get married before finishing your degree surprised us. ( We were…….. The car was so rusty that it couldn’t be repaired. ( The car was too……………… He never had enough money. ( He is always ……………………………………. Yogurt is supposed to be good for you. ( Yogurt is supposed to ……………….. “ You stole my best cassette, Amanda!”, said William. ( William accused ……. Because of the rough sea, the ferry couldn’t sail. ( The rough sea …………….. Please check the damage before signing the delivery note. ( Don’t ……………. Roses can’t possibly grow in such poor ground. ( It is ………………………… Your car might break down on the rough mountain road, so take plenty of spare parts. ( In case ……………………………………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 3.c He is said to have been in the French foreign legion. ( People ……………………. During his child hood the family lived in Corn wall. ( His family ………………. He is thought to be the best player. ( It is …………………………………………. He seemed to be living in the area. ( It seemed ………………………………….. “ Where is the station car- park?”, said Mrs. Smith. ( Mrs. Smith asked ………… That was a silly thing to say. ( What …………………………………………….. They traveled across India, and then flew on to Korea. ( After…………………. She cut the apple into quarters and gave each child a piece. ( The apple ………… In spite of his age, Mr. Benson runs seven miles before breakfast. ( Although….. There are two large restaurants in the art gallery. ( The art gallery………………. Sentence transformation 4.c The police started looking for him two months ago. ( For two months now the …. How old do you think this house is? ( When do you think ……………………….? This holiday is so expensive. I don’t think I can go. ( It is such…………………… He spoke so quickly that I couldn’t understand what he said. ( He spoke too……… I’m grateful that you looked after my mother so well. ( Thank you ………………. “ Why didn’t I get a computer before?”, Thought the manager. ( The manager wondered… “ you’d better not lend him any more money, Alice”, said John. ( John advised Alice…….. I started work for the company a year ago. ( I’ve been…………………………… Susan felt sick, because she ate four cream cakes. ( If Susan …………………. My needs to be cleaned before the interview. ( I must………………………….. Sentence transformation 5.c As I get older, I want to travel less. ( The older…………………………………………… A house in that strict will cost at least $. 100, 000. ( You won’t be able to ……………… Alan worked too hard at the office, and this led to his illness. ( Alan’s illness …………... My parents let me go abroad alone for the first time last year. ( I was …………………… It was his incompetence which led to their capture. If ……………………………………... Having nowhere else to go, I tried to sleep in the station waiting room. ( As…………….. I’d love to be in a secluded beach in Mexico. ( I wish……………………………………. I only bought the dog because my children wanted a pet. ( If……………………………. I’d love to live in Paris for a year. ( If only………………………………………………. Does he know enough French to work as a translator? ( Is he……………………………? Sentence transformation 6.c This furniture is so old that it’s not worth keeping. ( This is ……………………………… Handicapped people find shopping in a supermarket difficult. ( It’s………………………. Why don’t you meet to discuss the pay offer? ( I suggest………………………………….. Without the treatment, the patient would have died. ( If he ……………………………….. Although he didn’t speak Dutch, Bob decided to settle in Amsterdam. ( In spite………… In spite of all our warning, he left cap without taking rifle. ( Although…………………... No one has lived in that house for years. ( That…………………………………………… It’s a pity that you wrote that letter. ( I’d …………………………………………………. We must continue our efforts, whether there are problems or not. ( Regardless…………. The reason I came here was solely to try and improve conditions. ( My sole purpose…… Sentence transformation 7.c “ Less noise!” The teacher told the boys. ( The teacher shouted…………………………… In the event of nuclear weapons being used, we are all doomed. ( If should ……………… You should take two tablets every four hours. ( Two tablets should ………………………. It’s extremely difficult for us to make ends meet these days. ( We find…………………… They’ve been living here for six years now. ( They moved ……………………………….. Mrs. Taylor does not like living in such a small house. ( Mrs. Taylor wishes ……………. Mr. Mill lost his job because he was late everyday. ( If Mr. Taylor………………………. James spoke to his lawyer before signing the contract. ( James didn’t …………………… I can’t go to the cinema because I do not have a car. ( The reason……………………….. “ You’d better go to the doctor if you’ve got a pain in your back, Anna”, Henry said. ( Henry suggested ……………………………………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 8.c Because there was much dust in his mine, he was ill. –Because of ……………………….. This lecture bores me to tears. ( I am …………………………………………………… I expect that he will get there by lunchtime. ( I expect him…………………………….. The last time I was in London was in 1972. ( I ………………………………………… If I had known she was sick, I would have visited her. ( Had …………………………. There is always trouble when he comes to visit us. ( Whenever………………………… Is this the only way to reach the city center. ( Isn’t there……………………………….. He never suspected that the money had been stolen. ( At no time……………………… I have never seen such a mess in my life. ( Never in …………………………………… Is it essential to meet your Aunt at the station ? ( Does your Aunt ……………………..? Sentence transformation 9.c Galileo is considered to be the father of modern astronomy. ( Galileo is regarded ………. The last time it rained was a fortnight ago. ( It……………………………………………. The doctor advised me to rest. ( The doctor suggested …………………………………… The value of sterling has fallen considerably in the past week. ( There has ……………… Their dog was so fierce that nobody would visit them. ( They had ………………………. That dress has only the slightest mark on it. ( I can barely ………………………………. He insisted on a full apology. ( Nothing but……………………………………………… He remembered, and so did she. ( He didn’t …………………………………………….. My decision to get up and dance coincided with the band’s decision to stop playing. ( The moment ……… My younger sister kept on telling us about the show. ( We …………………………… Sentence transformation 10.c I only recognized him when he came into the light. ( Not until ………………………. That rumor about the politician and construction contract is absolutely false. ( There is … One runner was too exhausted to complete the lap of the race. ( One runner was so …….. My mother was the most warm-hearted person I’ve ever known. ( I’ve ………………….. They never made us do anything we didn’t want to do. ( We ……………………………. The only thing that prevented the passing of the bill was the death of the prime Minister. ( Had it not …… It’s quite pointless to explain. ( There is no…………………………………………….. How could I help, except to offer to lend her some money. ( Other……………………. We had to wait two hours for Donald. ( Donald kept ………………………………….. It would not have been possible to solve that puzzle, even for a genius. ( That puzzle……. Sentence transformation 11.c The students regretted that they had missed the lecture. ( The students regretted not …… If you miss the program you can’t really judge. ( Unless ………………………………… John and Mary moved to Edinburgh twenty years ago. ( It is ……………………………. She never seems to succeed, even though she works hard. ( However……………………. It was more of an argument than a discussion. ( It was not so …………………………….. “ You damaged my bicycle, John”, said Margaret. ( Margaret accused ……………………. It is one hundred years since the birth of D.H. Lawrence, the famous novelist. ( D.H. Lawrence ... John Speck failed to find the source of the Nile river. ( John Speck didn’t succeeded ……………. Maria didn’t apply for the job in the library and she regrets it now. ( Maria wishes ………………. Helen wanted to know the name of Shirley’s hairdresser’s. ( “ Where………., Shirley”, Helen said Sentence transformation 12.c Would you give this to the teacher, please? ( I hope………………………………………. One day it’s possible that robots will do all our housework. ( All our housework ……….. The University of Cambridge is going to award Professor John an honorary doctorate, I believe. ( Professor John is …………………....................................................................... The government is going to cut its grants to postgraduate research students, apparently. ( Government grants ……… Don’t you agree that research biologists have carried out some amazing experiments recently. ( Some amazing experiments …………………………………………………… I had better get back to work. ( It’s………………………………………………………. My father speaks very little French. ( My father speaks hardly ………………………….. The critics were very impressed by her performance. ( Her performance made …………… I expected that he would get there by lunchtime. ( I expected ……………………………. It’s time for you to do your homework. ( It’s time you……………………………………. Sentence transformation 13.c This is the best essay I’ve ever written. ( Never ………………………………………… I assumed that she would learn how to take shorthand after this course. ( It took it …… I am terribly sorry, I thought you were a friend of Anna’s. ( I took ……………………. Although she was busy, she managed to find the time to proofread for me. ( Busy……… I would prefer you to do computer science. ( I’d rather…………………………………. He didn’t get a visa until last Monday. ( It was ……………………………………….. They continued to say that I was to blame. ( They persisted ……………………………. Vietnamese coffee is considered to be the one of the best in the world. ( Vietnamese coffee……. If you ask me well in advance, I’ll be willing to work over time. ( Provided you………………. “ I never used bad language”, she said. ( She denied …………………………………………….. Sentence transformation 14.c “ What time does the manager come back?”, The customer asked. ( The customer wanted ……. You’d better not touch that switch. ( If I ……………………………………………….. He said “ We must have a party to celebrate this”. ( He said that ……………………… “ Must you go soon?” I said. ( I ………………………………………………………… As a student, he had known great poverty. ( When ……………………………………………. “ Why don’t you apply for the job, Anna?” said Sue. ( Sue suggested………………………… Remind me water the plants. ( Don’t …………………………………………………………. If it doesn’t rain soon, million pounds’ worth of crops will be lost. ( Unless…………………. I didn’t realize who he was until later. ( Only later……………………………………………. If you want my advice, you would forget about buying a new house. ( If …………………….. Sentence transformation 15.c She asked him to repeat what he had said. ( Please……………………………………… The switch was too high for him to reach. ( He was not tall……………………………... It’s not worth living to make her change her mind. ( There’s …………………………... I get to work in twenty minute. ( It ………………………………………………………. It’s necessary that this work be finished by Monday. ( This work……………………….. It’s a pity. I didn’t take my doctor’s advice. ( As if …………………………………….. The bread is so stale that we can’t eat it. ( The bread isn’t ………………………………. Who does this bag belong to? ( Whose……………………………………………………? “ Never borrow money from friends”, my father said. ( My father told me……………… The accident happened because the train driver ignored a warning light. ( If the train driver……. Sentence transformation 16.c Paul said he was going to visit China the following year. ( “ I’m………………………..” The porter told us the train had left five minute earlier. ( I’m sorry buy………………… She couldn’t afford the Persian cat. ( The Persian cat……………………………………. The cheetah is the fastest animals in the world. ( No animals runs………………………. You must not smoke in here. ( Smoking…………………………………………………. “ Would you like to come around for a drink?”, he said. ( He …………………………… “Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said. ( I warned ………………………………………. “ Go on, apply for the job”, said Jack. ( Jack ……………………………………………... He asked all persons not traveling to go ashore. ( Will……………………………………? “ If the flood gets worse we must leave house”, He said. ( He said that………………….. Sentence transformation 17.c Somebody repaired her refrigerator last month. ( She …………………………………… He would prefer you to tell him a story. ( He’d rather……………………………………. The post man was bitten by our dog. ( Our dog………………………………………….. We couldn’t drive because of the fog. ( The fog prevented……………………………… He failed to win the race. ( He didn’t …………………………………………………… I really realized what I had missed when they told me about it later. ( Only when……… There weren’t nearly as many people there as I had expected. ( There were far………… When the Minister was asked about the strike, he declined to comment. ( On…………. There was no need for you to have gone to all that trouble. ( You ……………………… People don’t say things like that. ( I wish………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 18.c The doctor advised me to rest. ( The doctor suggested …………………………………….. They had to wait for 12 hours before their flight left. ( Only after a ……………………….. Their teacher is making them study hard. ( They are………………………………………... They were just as good as we had expected. ( They certainly lived ………………………… Even though I admired his courage, I think he is foolish. ( Much …………………………. Cane head is cleared in court. ( A headmaster……………………………………………… Gunman kills 3 people in Bank Drama. ( A man ………………………………………….. Riddle of missing heiress solved. ( The police…………………………………………….. “ Police attacked” Says student leader. ( A student leader………………………………… Storm grows over long hair in school. ( Parents and pupils are………………………….... Sentence transformation 19.c She admitted that she took the necklace. ( She admitted to ……………………………….. The headmaster said some reassuming things. ( What …………………………………… Do you have a good relationship with your boss ?. ( Are …………………………………. Most students can work hard when they feel like it. ( Most students are capable…………. I’m really sorry. I didn’t invite her to the party. ( I really wish……………………………. She didn’t inherit any thing under her uncle’s will. ( Her uncle didn’t……………………. The only thing I didn’t steal was the television. ( They stole……………………………… It seems that no-one predicted the correct result. ( No-one………………………………... They had been lost in the mountain for three days, but they looked strong and healthy. ( Even…………………………………………………………………………………………. I’ll find that man, no matter how long it takes. ( However………………………………... Sentence transformation 20.c “ You should have waited for us”, The team leader said to John. ( The team leader criticized ……... It’s possible that he didn’t get my letter. ( He might ……………………………………………….. The last time it rained here was six years ago. ( It ………………………………………………….. The film star wore dark glasses so that no-one would recognize him. ( The film star avoided……… I am amazed by the mistakes he makes. ( What……………………………………………………… We weren’t surprised by his success. ( It came ……………………………………………………… “ That’s a lovely new dress, Jim,” said his mother. ( Jim’s mother complimented………………….. We couldn’t find George any where. ( George was …………………………………………………. We couldn’t relax until all the guests had gone home. ( Only………………………………………. Customs officials are stopping more travelers than usual this week. ( An increased ………………. Sentence transformation 21.c “ You’d better not lend them any more money, Tom,” said John. ( John advised Tom…….. You will catch a cold if you don’t keep your feet dry. ( Unless…………………………….. Mark is too young to get married. ( Mark is not……………………………………………. That factory is producing more and more pollution. ( More and more pollution …………. He couldn’t escape from prison because it was very secure. ( The prison………………….. Without his help, we would all have died. ( If it …………………………………………... He forgot about the gun until he got home. ( Not until……………………………………... May I borrow your pen? ( Would you mind ………………………………………………..? “ I’d take a taxi if I were you,” said Peter. ( Peter suggested ………………………………. My boyfriend is very short tempered. ( My boyfriend loses………………………………... Sentence transformation 22.c House prices have risen dramatically this year. ( There has ………………………………… This affair does not concern you. ( This affair is no…………………………………………. You must submit articles for the magazine by June 18th . ( The final date………………….. Although Jimmy was the stronger of the two, his attacker soon overpowered him. ( Despite his……………………………………………………………………………………………… What a surprise to see you here! ( Fancy……………………………………………………. I don’t intend to apologize to either of them. ( I have ……………………………………… It was only when left home that I realized how much my father meant to me. ( Not until………… The only reason the party was a success was that a famous film star attended. ( Had it not………. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out. ( No matter…………………………… If the work is finished by lunchtime, you can go home. ( Get…………………………………….. Sentence transformation 23.c Although he was not guilty. They executed him. ( In spite of …………………………….. I certainly don’t intend to reply to that rude letter from Edward. ( I have …………………. “ It certainly wasn’t me who took your car!” said Bob. ( Bob denied ……………………. Mary told the police about the burglary. ( Mary reported………………………………….. We may not be able to give the concert. ( The concert…………………………………….. They had hardly left home when it started to rain. ( No sooner…………………………… You can use my car, but have to keep it carefully. ( Provided……………………………. You are both funny and witty. ( Not only ………………………………………………… He behaved shamefully towards his wife. ( He treated …………………………………… The chances are a hundred against you. ( It’s most………………………………………. Sentence transformation 24.c The rail workers do not intend to call off their strike. ( The rail workers have no………… Mrs. Scot is very proud of her cooking. ( Mrs. Scot prides………………………………. It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us. ( If it hadn’t ………………………… I wasn’t a bit surprised to hear that Karen had changed her job. ( It came………………… You can try to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed. ( There’s no point ….... “ Please don’t drive so fast!” Ann begged her boyfriend. Ann pleaded……………………... Despite his hard study at school, he
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