Bài giảng môn Organizational Behavior - Chapter 16: Organizational Culture

The manifestations of an organization’s culture that employees can easily see or talk about Symbols Physical structures Language Stories Rituals Ceremonies

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Organizational CultureChapter 16Organizational CultureThe shared social knowledge within an organization regarding the rules, norms, and values that shape the attitudes and behaviors of its employeesOrganizational CultureObservable ArtifactsThe manifestations of an organization’s culture that employees can easily see or talk aboutSymbolsPhysical structuresLanguageStoriesRitualsCeremoniesEspoused ValuesThe beliefs, philosophies, and norms that a company explicitly statesBasic Underlying AssumptionsTaken-for-granted beliefs and philosophies that are so ingrained that employees simply act on them rather than questioning the validity of their behavior in a given situationGeneral Culture TypesSpecific Culture TypesCustomer service cultureSafety cultureDiversity cultureCreativity cultureCulture StrengthExists when employees definitively agree about the way things are supposed to happen within the organization (high consensus) and when their subsequent behaviors are consistent with those expectations (high intensity) Culture StrengthMaintaining a CultureAttraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA)SocializationAnticipatory stageEncounter stageUnderstanding and adaptationChanging a CultureChanges in leadershipMergers and acquisitionsHow Important is Culture?Person–organization fit is the degree to which a person’s personality and values match the culture of an organizationHow Important is Culture?