Đảm bảo và kiểm soát chất lượng - Chương 7: Project planning

Is a Project Management Process Area at Maturity Level 2 Purpose  Establish and maintain plans that define project activities.

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ĐẢM BẢO VÀ KIỂM SOÁT CHẤT LƯỢNG HCM – 10/2012 Chương 7: Project Planning 1 4/5/2014 Project Planning (PP) Is a Project Management Process Area at Maturity Level 2 Purpose  Establish and maintain plans that define project activities. 4/5/2014 Trang 2 Project Planning - Context 4/5/2014 Trang 3 Planning Data Establish Estimates Obtain Commitment to the Plan Develop a Project Plan Project Plans Project Monitoring and Control SG1 SG2 SG3 SG 1 - Establish Estimates Estimates of project planning parameters are established and maintained 4/5/2014 Trang 4 Determine Estimates of Effort and Cost Planning Data Establish Estimates Estimate the Scope of the Project Establish Estimates of Work Product and Task Attributes Define Project Life Cycle SP1.1 SP1.2 SP1.3 SP1.4 SP1.1 - Estimate the Scope of the Project Establish a top-level work breakdown structure (WBS) to estimate the scope of the project. Sub-Practices  Develop a WBS based on the product architecture  Identify the work packages in sufficient detail to specify estimates of project tasks, responsibilities, and schedule  Identify work products (or components of work products) that will be externally acquired  Identify work products that will be reused 4/5/2014 Trang 5 WBS - Example 4/5/2014 Trang 6 SP1.2 - Establish Estimates of Work Product and Task Attributes Establish and maintain estimates of the attributes of the work products and tasks Sub-Practices  Determine the technical approach for the project  Determine the attributes of the work products and tasks that will be used to estimate the resource requirements  Estimate the attributes of the work products and tasks 4/5/2014 Trang 7 SP1.2 - Establish Estimates of Work Product and Task Attributes Examples of types of work products for which size estimates are made include the following:  Deliverable and nondeliverable work products  Documents  Operational and support software 4/5/2014 Trang 8 SP1.2 - Establish Estimates of Work Product and Task Attributes Examples of size measures include the following:  Number of functions  Source lines of code  Number of classes and objects  Number of requirements  Number of pages  4/5/2014 Trang 9 SP1.3 - Define Project Life Cycle Define the project life-cycle phases on which to scope the planning effort 4/5/2014 Trang 10 SP1.4 - Determine Estimates of Effort and Cost Estimate the project effort and cost for the work products and tasks based on estimation rationale Sub-Practices  Collect the models or historical data that will be used to transform the attributes of the work products and tasks into estimates of the labor hours and cost  Include supporting infrastructure needs when estimating effort and cost  Estimate effort and cost using models and/or historical data 4/5/2014 Trang 11 Cost Estimation 4/5/2014 Trang 12 Cost Estimation WBS Resource requirement Project duration Estimating publications Historical Information Risk SG 2 - Develop a Project Plan  A project plan is established and maintained as the basis for managing the project  A project plan is a formal, approved document used to manage and control the execution of the project.  It is based on the project requirements and the established estimates  should consider all phases of the project life cycle.  should ensure that all plans affecting the project are consistent with the overall project plan. 4/5/2014 Trang 13 Develop a Project Plan - Context 4/5/2014 Trang 14 Planning Data Establish the Budget and Schedule Develop a Project Plan Plan for Data Management Plan Stakeholder Involvement Plan for Project Resources Project Plans Establish the Project Plan Identify Project Risks Plan for Needed Knowledge and Skills SP2.1 SP2.2 SP2.3 SP2.4 SP2.5 SP2.6 SP2.7 SP 2.1 - Establish the Budget and Schedule Establish and maintain the project's budget and schedule Sub-Practices  Identify major milestones  Identify schedule assumptions  Identify task dependencies  Define the budget and schedule  Establish corrective action criteria 4/5/2014 Trang 15 Life Cycle and Milestone: Example 4/5/2014 Trang 16 Scheduling and Critial Path 4/5/2014 Trang 17 B, 10 C, 12 A, 5 D, 11 E, 9 F, 1 G, 12 Using MS Project 4/5/2014 Trang 18 SP 2.2 - Identify Project Risks Identify and analyze project risks Sub-Practices  Identify risks  Document the risks  Revise the risks as appropriate • When new risk is identified • When risks become problems • When risks are retired • When project circumstances change significantly 4/5/2014 Trang 19 SP 2.3 - Plan for Data Management Plan for the management of project data Sub-Practices  Establish requirements and procedures to ensure privacy and security of the data  Establish a mechanism to archive data and to access archived data  Determine the project data to be identified, collected, and distributed 4/5/2014 Trang 20 SP2.4 - Plan for Project Resources Plan for necessary resources to perform the project Sub-Practices  Determine staffing requirements  Determine facilities, equipment, and component requirements 4/5/2014 Trang 21 SP 2.5 - Plan for Needed Knowledge and Skills Plan for knowledge and skills needed to perform the project Sub-Practices  Identify the knowledge and skills needed to perform the project  Assess the knowledge and skills available  Select mechanisms for providing needed knowledge and skills  Incorporate selected mechanisms into the project plan 4/5/2014 Trang 22 SP 2.6 - Plan Stakeholder Involvement Plan the involvement of identified stakeholders 4/5/2014 Trang 23 SP 2.7 - Establish the Project Plan Establish and maintain the overall project plan content 4/5/2014 Trang 24 SG 3 - Obtain Commitment to the Plan Commitments to the project plan are established and maintained To be effective, plans require commitment by those responsible for implementing and supporting the plan 4/5/2014 Trang 25 Obtain Commitment - Context 4/5/2014 Trang 26 Obtain Commitment to the Plan Reconcile Work and Resource Levels Project Plans Review Plans that Affect the Project Obtain Plan Commitment SP3.1 SP3.2 SP3.3 SP 3.1 - Review Plans that Affect the Project Review all plans that affect the project to understand project commitments 4/5/2014 Trang 27 Record of the reviews of plans SP 3.2 - Reconcile Work and Resource Levels Reconcile the project plan to reflect available and estimated resources 4/5/2014 Trang 28 Renegotiated budgets Revised schedules Revised requirements list SP 3.3 - Obtain Plan Commitment Obtain commitment from relevant stakeholders responsible for performing and supporting plan execution Sub-Practices  Identify needed support and negotiate commitments with relevant stakeholders  Document all organizational commitments  Identify commitments on interfaces between elements in the project, and with other projects and organizational units so that they can be monitored. 4/5/2014 Trang 29 When Project Planning Is Not Done Well Estimates of project attributes are inaccurate. It is difficult to identify deviations from poorly documented plans. Resources are not available/applied when needed. Future projects cannot learn from completed projects because there are no lessons learned. 4/5/2014 Trang 30 Excercise Plan for your project 4/5/2014 Trang 31 ĐẢM BẢO VÀ KIỂM SOÁT CHẤT LƯỢNG 32 4/5/2014
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