Unit 5 - Technology

After this unit, students will be able to: • Introduce direct and indirect speech. • Use vocabulary relating to topic (technology, electrical equipment, computers and Internet, on the phone). • Study the stress patterns in compound nouns. • Develop listening, reading and speaking skills via practical exercises relating to this topic.

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123 Unit 5: Technology ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 UNIT OBJECTIVES TECHNOLOGY After this unit, students will be able to: • Introduce direct and indirect speech. • Use vocabulary relating to topic (technology, electrical equipment, computers and Internet, on the phone). • Study the stress patterns in compound nouns. • Develop listening, reading and speaking skills via practical exercises relating to this topic. OVERVIEW DURATION (12 PERIODS) WARMING UP Which inventions readers thought were the most important VOCABULARY Vocabulary about technology GRAMMAR Reported speech PRONUNCIATION The stress patterns in compound nouns LISTENING • Using the internet • Things you would hate to be without READING • Changing lives • The price is wrong SPEAKING • Your favorite things • Internet activities KEY WRITING Describing advantages and disadvantages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 124 Unit 5: Technology 1. Vaccination 2. Electricity 3. Computer with World Wide Web 4. Bicycle REPORTED SPEECH Uses We use reported speech when we tell someone what another person said. Example: “I’m happy”, she said. (direct speech) → She said she was happy. Changes in the process of transferring from direct to reported speech • The verb forms change. • We also change personal pronouns, possessive pronouns. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 A. A British newspaper recently carried out a survey to find out which inventions its readers thought were the most important. Their top four choices are listed below but they are NOT in the correct order. Match each invention to a section of the pie chart to show the result of the survey. B. Make true sentences from the chart. Nikon camera Champagne Ferrari cars Whisky IKEA furniture is are made in Scotland Sweden France Italy Japan DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Simple present Example: “I get up early”, he said. Simple past Example: He said he got up early. Present continuous Example: “I’m staying with my cousin”, she said. Past continuous Example: She said she was staying with her cousin. 125 Unit 5: Technology • There are also other changes (pronoun, time, place words) that take place when we use reported speech. Example: “I will meet you here at the same time tomorrow”, said Lauren. → Lauren told me she would meet me there at the same time the next day. Notes • Say and Tell are the reporting verbs that we use most often with reported speech. We use the verb “tell” with an indirect object Example: My friend told me that his boss was going to give him a raise. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Simple past Example: “I broke the window”, said Alan. Past perfect Example: Alan said he had broken the window. Past continuous Example: “I was working all night”, he said. Past perfect continuous Example: He said he had been working all night. Present perfect Example: “I have driven a bus”, said Ron. Past perfect Example: Ron said he had driven a bus. Present perfect continuous Example: “I’ve been reading for an hour”, he said. Past perfect continuous Example: He said he had been reading for an hour. Will Example: “I will take them home”, he said. Would Example: He said he would take them home. Can Example: “I can speak Japanese”, she said. Could Example: She said she could speak Japanese. Must Example: “I must leave”, he said. Had to Example: He said he had to leave. Today That day Tonight That night Tomorrow The following day/ the next day Yesterday The day before/ the previous day Last year The year before/ the previous year Next week The week after/ the following week A month ago A month before/ the previous month Now Then At the moment At that moment Here There This/ these That/ those 126 Unit 5: Technology We use the verb “say” without an indirect object. Example: He said he had lots of new ideas. • We can use the word “that” after the reporting verb. Example: He said he won two tournaments. He said that he had won two tournaments. • Reported speech with questions - In reported speech, questions are introduced by the verb ask. Example: He asked where I had been. - We use the same question word that is in the direct question. Example: “What does she do in her free time?”, he asked. → He asked what she did in her free time. - When a direct question does not begin with a question word, we make the reported question with the word if or whether. - The verb form changes, and the word order changes from question to statement form. - The changes in time and place also apply to reported questions. + WH-QUESTIONS ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Simple present Example: “What do you want?”, he asked. Simple past Example: He asked (me) what I wanted. Present continuous Example: “Why are you shouting?”, she asked. Past continuous Example: She asked (me) why I was shouting. Simple past Example: “When did they leave?”, said Nicole. Past perfect Example: Nicole asked (me) when they had left. Past continuous Example: “Where were you going?”, asked Larry. Past perfect continuous. Example: Larry asked (me) where I had been going. Present perfect Example: “What has she done?”, asked Tim. Past perfect Example: Tim asked (me) what she had done. Present perfect continuous Example: “Who have you been talking to?”, she asked. Past perfect continuous Example: She asked (me) who I had been talking to. Will Example: “I will take them home?”, he said. Would Example: He said he would take them home. Can Example:“Which computer can I use?”, asked Bob. Could Example: Bob asked (me) which computer he could use. Must Example: “What do I have to do?”, she asked. Had to Example: She asked (me) what she had to do. 127 Unit 5: Technology + YES/NO-QUESTIONS • Reported speech with command and request ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Simple present Example: “Do you know them well?”, I asked. Simple past Example: I asked her if/ whether she knew them well. Present continuous Example: “Are they staying for dinner?”, he asked Past continuous Example: He asked if/whether they were staying for dinner. Simple past Example: “Did I frighten you?”, he asked. Past perfect Example: He asked if/ whether he had frightened me. Past continuous Example: “Was Sheila waiting for you?”, I asked. Past perfect continuous. Example: I asked if/ whether Sheila had been waiting for him. Present perfect Example: “Has Paul applied for the job?”, she asked. Past perfect Example: She asked if/ whether Paul had ap- plied for the job. Present perfect continuous Example: “Have they been arguing again?”, I asked. Past perfect continuous Example: I asked if/ whether they had been arguing again. Will Example: “Will you get some milk for me”, she asked. Would Example: She asked if/ whether I would get some milk for her. Can Example: “Can Natalie drive a car?”, he asked. Could Example: He asked if/ whether Natalie could drive a car. Must Example: “ Do I have to go to the post office?”, he asked. Had to Example: He asked if/ whether he had to go to the post office. Reported commands are usually introduced with the verb Tell + indirect object + infinitive Example: “Stay back”, the police officer said. → The police officer told the crowd to stay back. Reported requests are usually introduced with the verb ask + indirect object + in- finitive. Example: “Please wait outside the office”, she said. → She asked us to wait outside the office. If the command is negative, we put the word not before to. Example: “Don’t forget to lock the front door”, he said. → He told me not to forget to lock the front door. If the request is negative, we put the word not before to. Example: “Please don’t write in pencil”, he said. → He asked them not to write in pencil. 128 Unit 5: Technology PRACTICE Choose the best way to complete the sentences below. 1. Please tell me …………. a. Where is the bus stop b. Where the bus stop be c. Where stops the bus d. Where the bus stop is 2. I told him …………. a. What the homework was b. What was the homework c. What was to be the homework d. What is the homework 3. I think ..................... a. Will be the plane on time b. The plane will be on time c. The plane to be on time d. It will be on time the plane 4. I didn't know …………. a. What he mean b. What did he mean c. What did he meant d. What he meant 5. He said…………. a. That the weather colder than usual b. The weather be colder than usual c. The weather was colder than usual d. The weather it is colder than usual 6. I think …………. a. Today it is Wednesday b.That is today Wednesday c. Today is Wednesday d. Today be Wednesday 7. He said …………. a. That yesterday he gone downtown b. He goes downtown yesterday c. He go downtown yesterday d. He went downtown yesterday 8. I believe …………. a. Him he is right b. He is right c. He be right d. That he right 9. She said …………. a. That she was hungry b. She hungry c. She be hungry d. Her was hungry 10. He told us …………. a. That he enjoy the movie b. He enjoyed the movie c. He be enjoying the movie d. That enjoyed the movie Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. Where are you going? → He asked me.............................................................................. 2. How did you do that? → They wanted to know.................................................................. 3. Who will come to the cinema with us? → They asked.................................................................................. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 1 2 129 Unit 5: Technology 4. Why are you so sad? → She asked me................................................. 5. What is the matter? → They wondered.............................................. 6. How could they be so impatient? → I wondered .................................................... 7. Which compact disk are you taking with you? → I asked him.................................................... 8. What am I to do? → He wondered ................................................. 9. How do you know that? → I asked him..................................................... 10. Are you enjoying yourself? → He asked me...................................................... Finish the following sentences by using Reported speech. Example: Peter: "Clean the black shoes!" → Peter told me to clean the black shoes. 1. Andrew: "Clean the blue bike!" Andrew told me …………………………………. 2. Jessica: "Write a text message!" Jessica told me …………………………………. 3. Nelly: "Help Peter's sister!" Nelly told me ……………………………....……. 4. Fred: "Wash your hands!" Fred told me …………………………….....……. 5. Anna: "Open the window!" Anna told me ……………………………....……. 6. Tom: "Come at 8!" Tom told me ………………………….....………. 7. Teacher: "Do your homework!" The teacher told me ……………………...……… 8. Doris: "Dance with me!" Doris told me …………………………...………. 9. Sabine: "Meet Sandy at the station!" Sabine told me ……………………….…………. 10. Victoria: "Check your e-mails!" Victoria told me …………………………………. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 3 130 Unit 5: Technology Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Example: Peter: "Did John clean the black shoes yesterday?" → Peter asked me if John had cleaned the black shoes the day before. 1. Mandy: "Are the boys reading the book?" → Yesterday Mandy asked me ………………………….. 2. Jason: "Who gave you the laptop?" → Yesterday Jason wanted to know …………………..... 3. Robert: "Is Tim leaving on Friday?" → Yesterday Robert asked me ………………………….. 4. Daniel: "Will it rain tomorrow?" → Yesterday Daniel asked me ………………………….. 5. Jennifer: "Where do you play football today?" → Yesterday Jennifer wanted to know ………………….. 6. Nancy: "Why didn't Nick go to New York last summer?" → Yesterday Nancy wanted to know …………………… 7. Barbara: "Must I do my homework this afternoon?" → Yesterday Barbara asked me …………………………. 8. Linda: "Did Max fly to London two weeks ago?" → Yesterday Linda wanted to know …………………… 9. Grandmother: "Where are my glasses?" → Yesterday Grandmother asked me…………………… 10. A man: "When does the train to Liverpool leave?" → Yesterday a man asked me………………………….... Match the items below with the correct pictures. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 a hand-held computer an ipad a dishwasher a washing machine a hair dryer hair strengtheners a webcam a hands-free phone an MP3 player air conditioning central heating A DVD recorder 4 A. Electrical equipment 1 131 Unit 5: Technology Which of the things in 1 have you got? Which would you like to have? Work in pairs. Put the things in 1 in order from the most useful (1) to the least useful (12). Compare answers with another pair. Which words in the box do the definitions below describe? Complete them with the correct relative pronoun. 1. A …………………… is a machine …………………… makes copies of documents. 2. A …………………… is a person …………………… protects important people from being attacked. 3. A …………………… is a place with washing machines …………………… you can wash your clothes. 4. A ……………… is a person ………………… job is to mend central heating, taps, etc. 5. A ……………… is a machine ……………… you use to clean floors and carpets. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 2 3 a b c d e f g h i j k l boiler bodyguard cleaner cook cooker decorator dry cleaner’s vacuum cleaner freezer launderette photocopier plumber stationer’s typewriter 132 Unit 5: Technology How the machines work How computer literate are you? 1. How old were you when you first used a computer? a. Over 20 b. Between 10 and 19 c. Under 10 2. How long did it take you to learn how to save, copy, print and delete file? a. I was able to learn this very quickly b. I’m still useless at doing these things. c. I could do these things after I read the instructions. 3. How good are you at searching for information on the Internet? a. I haven’t got a clue how to do this. b. I usually manage to find what I want, but not always. c. I’m quite good at doing this and I can always find what I want. 4. Do you know how to download software or music from the internet? a. I have no idea how to do this. b. I find this quite easy to do. c. I think I know how to do this, but I haven’t done it for a while. 5. How good are you at using new computer equipment or software? a. I’m able to use most new stuff after a very short time. b. I find it difficult to use anything new unless someone shows me. c. I’m no good at using new stuff. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 A B a. switch on/off the button b. plug in your mobile phone c. press the tape d. rewind/fast forward the vacuum cleaner e. restart the volume f. turn up/down your messages g. replay your computer h. shut down the tape i. hold down your computer j. pause the button k. My computer needs recharging l. My mobile phone ‘s crashed m. The batteries need replacing 4 1 B. Computers and Internet 133 Unit 5: Technology Check your answers. 9-10 points: You’re very computer literate and you probably spend quite a lot of your free time in front of a computer screen in the evenings. Maybe you should turn your computer off and go out with your friends a bit more often! 5-8 points: You know how to use a computer and you probably have to use one at work or for your studies. You’ve learned what you need to know, but that’s all. Maybe you should try and learn one or new things that you can do with your computer. 0-4 points: Obviously computers aren’t very important to you. You can probably manage to turn it on and check your email, but not much else! Maybe you should think about doing a course so that you can improve your computer skills. Match the items below with the correct pictures. Fill in the gaps with these verbs. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 a printer a mouse a monitor a scanner a keyboard a game console a speakers a memory stick 1. a. 0 points b. 1 point c. 2 points 2. a. 2 points b. 0 point c. 1 point 3. a. 0 points b. 1 point c. 2 points 4. a. 0 points b. 2 points c. 1 point 5. a. 2 points b. 1 point c. 0 points 2 a b c d e f g h 3 delete log on go search make close reply to click on download have 134 Unit 5: Technology 1. You can save, copy, print or delete a file or a document. 2. You can create, open or …………………… a folder. 3. You can get, send, forward or ………………… an e-mail. 4. You should ………………… a back-up copy of your important documents. 5. You can …………………… by entering your password. 6. You can …………… an icon, an attachment, a website address or a link on a web page. 7. You can …………… online and ………… software, pictures or music from the Intenet. 8. If you ……………………… broadband, you can ……………………… for something on the Internet very quickly. Complete the words and phrases below with words from the box. 1. computer program 6. e-mail ………………….….... 2. floppy ………………..…. 7. laser ………………………… 3. …………………- friendly 8. lap …………………………... 4. Internet Service ………… 9. back-up ……………………... 5. key ……………………… 10. web ………………………... Can you remember what these symbols mean? Match the verbs in the left with an appropriate word on the right. Complete the sentences with a word from the box. ENG103_Bai 5_v1.0010112202 4 5 6 7 Provider Copy Computer Disk Sites Boards Address Printer User Top a b c d e f g 1. to operate a. a new document ……………………………............. 2. to click b. a computer ……………………………............. 3. to open c. data ……………………………............. 4. to save d. a back-up copy ……………………………............. 5. to make e. on an icon ……………………………............. Virus Memory Save Print Laptop Cut Crash Copy Paste 135 Unit 5: Technology 1. If you click on …………………………., the computer will store the data for you. 2. If you click on …………………………., you will have two versions of something. 3. If you click on …………………………., the computer will take something out. 4. If you click on …………………………., it will put in something you wanted to move. 5. If you click on …………………………., you can get a paper copy. 6. If your computer is very low, it may need more ……………………. . 7. If you want to work on a plane or train, you need to use a ………………… computer. Choose the correct words/phrases. 1. delete/go a document 2. forward/make an email 3. click on/log on an attachment 4. print/search for something on the Internet 5. download/search software 6. print/go online Fill in the missing vowels. 1. h _n d – h _ l d 2. h _ _ r d r y _ r c _ m p _ t _ r 3. w _ b c _ m 4. c _ n t r _ l h _ _ t _ n g 5. _ _ r c _ n d _ t _ _ n _ n g 6. h _ n d s – f r _ _ p h _ n _ 7. M P 3 p l _ y _r 8. d _ s h w _ s h _ r Are you a ‘techie’ or a technophobe? Match each word in the box with a definition. a. A person who doesn’t like machines, especially computers. b. A computer system which allows millions of computer users around the world to exchange information. c. A system that is able to send different types of communication signals down a telephone line at the same time. d. A piece of software you install on your computer to protect it from viruses. e. A small object which you move with your hands to give instructions to the computer. f. The imaginary place where electronic messages, informa- tion, pictures, etc, exist when they are sent from one computer to another. g. Someone whose life is dominated by technology – especially computers. Answer these questions. If possible, ask someone else the same questions. 1. Do you have a computer at home? If so, what is it (e.g. PC, Mac, etc.)? 2. Do you use computers at school/college/university or work? 3. What do you use them for? 4. What software are you familiar with? 5. Do you use e-mail? If so, what’s your e-mail address? 6. Do you use the Internet? If so, what
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