Serious Problems of Environment in Ho Chi Minh city

Firt part: Situation of enviroment in Ho Chi Minh Thanh Phong: Water environment Van Tai : Air environment Van Bao : Earth environment Second part: Solution to solve environment problem Tien Phap: give solution with government power Thanh Ngan: give solution with student power

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TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC CÔNG NGHỆ THÔNG TINKHOA HỆ THỐNG THÔNG TINSerious Problems of Environment inHo Chi Minh cityQuestionDo you have any idea about environment in Ho Chi Minh city ?ContentsFirt part: Situation of enviroment in Ho Chi MinhThanh Phong: Water environmentVan Tai : Air environmentVan Bao : Earth environmentSecond part: Solution to solve environment problemTien Phap: give solution with government powerThanh Ngan: give solution with student powerFinal part: A mini game Trong NganWater ProblemVocabularyAgricultural : (thuộc) nông nghiệpEnterprises : doanh nghiệpResidential : dân cưCauses of water pollutionSaigon river is also polluted by industrial and agricultural waste water from small-sized enterprises along the river which is to 65.000 cubic meters a day.Residential waste water another pollution factor. Everyday, 74.800 cubic meters of waste water in dumped into the river from residential in localities, with over 90% of the waste coming from Hồ Chí Minh city.That is equivalent to only less than 20% of household waste collected and treated due to the limited number of waste water treatment plants, the rest is discharged into the river.In addition, the production bose is located outside the industrial zones also discharged into the river basin Saigon 45.000 cubic meters. Including hazardous industries such as paper production 7.700 cubic meters and textile 4.200 cubic meters. As for livestock operations per day discharged than 24.500 cubic meters waste water.Effects of water pollutionGeneral consequences of water pollution is the proportion of people who suffer from acute and chronic diseases related to water pollution, such as conjunctivitis, diarrhea, cancer. People living around polluted areas increasingly suffering from a variety of disease suspected of being due to the use of dirty water in all activities.Air ProblemVocabularyAtmosphere: khí quyểnParticulate: hạt bụiBronchitis: viêm phế quảnPneumonia: viêm phổiThere are several main causes of air pollution, the vast majority of them can be attributed to man. Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, and biological matter that cause harm to humans, other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environmentCauses of air pollution in Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh city is big city in Viet Nam and developing city. The factor that contributes chiefly to air pollution stems for transports, industrial manufacturing or simply burning coal for cooking and heatingSituationIn Ho Chi Minh city air pollution is accelerating at an alarming rate, every day 320000 cars and 3.2 million motobikes burn millions of liter of fuel, emitting equivalently a massive amount of toxic gas, especially carbon dioxide, particularly in the eastern and North-Western. In the Thu Duc and District 9, the dust density measured surpasses the permissible level, this is mainly due to concentration of many industrial park in the area. The downtown section is no exception particularly the air pollution measured daily at different times shows greater than what is allowable. Effect of air pollutionAcidification: Chemical reactions involving air pollutants can create acidic compounds which can cause harm to vegetation and buildings. Sometimes, when an air pollutants, such as sulfuric acid combines with the water droplets that make up clouds, the water droplets become acidic, forming acid rain. When acid rain falls over an area, it can kill trees and harm animals, fish, and other wildlife. Ground-level ozone:Chemical reactions involving air pollutants create a poisonous gas ozone (O3). Gas Ozone can affect people’s health and can damage vegetation types and some animal life too.Effect to health: Short-term effects include irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, and upper respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Others include headaches, nausea, and allergic reactions. Short-term air pollution can aggravate the medical conditions of individuals with asthma and emphysema. Long-term health effects can include chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, and even damage to the brain, nerves, liver, or kidneys. Continual exposure to air pollution affects the lungs of growing childrenEarth ProblemsCauses of land pollution Increase in urbanization is one of the major causes of land pollution. Causes of land pollutionThe disposal of non-biodegradable wastes including containers, bottles and cans made of plastic, used cars and electronic goods leads to the pollution of land.Causes of land pollutionAgricultural wastes including pesticides and fertilizers affect the land environment.Causes of land pollutionIndustrial waste is also a major cause lead to land pollution. For example, chemicals and paint.Causes of land pollutionImproper treatment of sewage leads to the accumulation of solids, such as biomass sludge.Effects of land pollutionIndustrial waste falls to the land to change the composition of the land.Pesticides led to the agro-ecological imbalance.Organic components of the land decreased rapidly, and the water-holding capacity and drainage of land the change.Effects of land pollutionThe waste persistent unsanitary environment and landscape, creating conditions for the development of harmful bacteria to humans.How to prevent land pollutionRestricted solid waste, liquid and gaseous.Limit the use of fertilizers, pesticides.The factory must waste treatment before being moved out.Propaganda about the harmful effects of environmental pollution.The first , the current in HCM city has about 11 industrial zone activities I think the Government needs building industrial zones far from the city and achieve standard of wastewater treatment and emissions Example existing industrial areas Bien Hoa in Dong Nai province and Song Than in Binh Duong Province is the modern industrial and protect environment. The second, HCM City have too many vehicles about 5,300,000 vehicles according to statistics in 2011The Government should limit the increase in new vehicles and management of older vehicles reasonably. The 3rd, Ho Chi Minh city's population is currently 7,700,000 people. Government should limit population increase and migration management , conduct the planning expand the city . Create more jobs in the industrial park outside the city to solve the population problem focused city. The 4th , Besides that need execute of the measures as plant more trees in the city put more can trash in public areas building system collector and waste treatment reasonable and raise awareness of environmental protection of all peopleAs a student, how can we do to protect the environment? The world’s enviroment is more and more polluteAs students, we must together find a way to save natural, as same as saving our life.First, students need to be equipped with knowledge about the environment, and know how important of protecting them, why we can’t live without its.We must not to throw garbage away. - Use bicycle or public transport like bus, train in stead of using invidual-transport. We should use some devide to save energy.Plant more and more trees as you can.We can anounce for everyone about the changing of environment Take part in environmental protection programsProtecting the environment is everyone'sLet’s do together, because the Green and Clean EnvironmentThat’s all I have to say about solution with Government power12346785CROSSWORD PUZZLEINCINERATORODEFORESTATINLITTERTOXICHEALTHIACIDRANLANDFILLECOLOGYEARTH SONGSUGGESTED ANSWERA place where garbage is hauled and burnedSUGGESTED ANSWERThe destruction of earth’s treesSUGGESTED ANSWERPlease put your trash in trash can. Don’t _____SUGGESTED ANSWERPoisonous, capable of causing serious harm of deathSUGGESTED ANSWERAir pollution affects our ______SUGGESTED ANSWERPolluted precipitation that can damage the environment(Two word)SUGGESTED ANSWERA place where garbage is hauled and buriedSUGGESTED ANSWERThe study of the relationship between organismsand their environmentINCINERATORODEFORESTATINLITTERTOXICIACIDRANLANDFILLECOLOGYHEALTHCROSSWORD PUZZLEThank for your attention-------The end--------